It’s all in the details
Here’s a quick rundown of the history of Georgian Houses. They were built in a style that was popular in England from roughly 1715 to 1830, during the reigns of the four King George. The Georgian style homes are noteworthy for their distinctive appearances and for the influence they still have on modern building styles which is why I’m especially fond of them.
Georgian Presidential House, circa 1733, via History Org
Fun Fact: Did you know that this house (above) in Colonial Williamsburg served as a home for various presidents from the University of William & Mary? All but one president of the 300-year-old college lived in brick Georgian homes. Who what the odd man out?
- A square, symmetrical layout.
- A row of horizontal, evenly spaced sash windows on each floor of the home.
- Early Georgian homes had sash windows.The principal of the double-hung sash, with pulleys and counterweights in sash-boxes, remained unchanged, even in modern times. The same goes for the arrangements of internal folding shutters.
- Fun Fact: Did you know that this house in Colonial Williamsburg served as a home for various presidents from the University of William & Mary? All but one president of the 300-year-old college lived in brick Georgian homes. Who what the odd man out?
- The average Georgian house had 2 to 3 stories, with a chimney on each end of the house.
- The traditional number of windows is five on the upper floors, often with a Palladian window in the center over the door.
- The above pictured doors are early examples of Georgian designs from William Salmon’s Palladio Londiniensis of 1734. It has a sober Doric doorcase and an enriched Corinthian doorcase.
- Georgian houses are known for their large paneled door, usually topped off with a pediment or arch. The doorway is also often framed by pedestals or columns.
- Georgian doors are tall, often filling the entire opening, but have often been cut down later to accommodate a fanlight. Front doors were painted in dark colors or grained to imitate wood.
- Fashionable homes have a main staircase and a secondary “backstairs” for servants.
- Ordinary homes have one wooden staircase of straight flights joined by landings, or winding flight for each story.
- You will most likely find the most elaborate decoration on the main flight from the entrance hall to the floor above.
- In late Georgian homes, staircases were made of wood, and were now open-string, with a stepped profile rather than a straight one.